Soil and Water Conservation
Hilly areas in the
state are subject to severe soil erosion and effective soils and water conservation
measures are required. Various methods can be employed for this purpose and the
Project envisages construction of dry stone check dams, crate-wire structures in
streams and choes and water harvesting structures. Rehabilitation of old water harvesting
structures is also done under the Project. These works usually begin during the
winter months after rainy season. The design of water harvesting structures are
finalised in consultation with the Consultant engaged for Soil & Water Conservation.
Associations of potential water users in the selected villages are formed. Works
done during previous years are being maintained.
2. Plantation Models and Nursery Development
Bulk of the plantation
works under this component is complete and these are being maintained and protected
from biotic interference. Work on modernization of nurseries was done. Under Farm
forestry, quality seedlings are sold to interested farmers and other tree growers
to plant these on their farms and other lands. Protection works along strips
using concrete fencing posts and barbed wire has been done.
3. Poverty Reduction and Institutional Building
This is the most
important component of the Project where institutional building and poverty reduction
activities have to be carried out and consolidated in 800 project villages selected
during 2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07 and 2007-08 Village Forest Committees (VFCs) have
been constituted and Micro plans were written after conducting participatory rural
appraisal exercises. Works on Entry Point Activities (EPAs) have been taken up.
So far about 2064 Self Help Groups
(SHGs) have been constituted and their bank accounts opened. They were made aware
about the project objectives and their role. They are being encouraged to initiate
some feasible Income Generation Activity (IGA) for which loans are available from
VFC from the revolving fund created under the Project. Most of these works have
been initiated but yet to complete.
4. Technical Assistance
Consultants have been engaged to
assist the Forest Department in implementation of institutional building, poverty
reduction activities and for providing baseline data for soil conservation works.
5. Supporting Activities
A large number of supporting activities
have been provided in the Project. These relate to Publicity & Extension, School
plantations & environmental campaign, Human Resources Development (domestic and
foreign trainings), development of MIS/GIS, Research & Development, construction
and maintenance of buildings and procurement of equipments and vehicles. These are
regular on-going activities of the department (except School Plantations & Environmental
campaign which is being handled by Organization for Industrial, Spiritual and Culture
Advancement (OISCA India).
This component includes salary of
the staff, office expenses, operation and maintenance of vehicles/equipment, travel
expenditure and other overheads. This component is funded from the State share in
the Project outlay.The plantations under this project were done upto the year 2008-09, whereas other supplementary activities are still being carried out. This Project comes to an end in the month of June 2014. So far an amount of Rs 280.76 crores have been spent under this project out of the total amount of Rs. 286.01 crores released.
Physical and Financial Achievement under the Project