These extremely efficient scavengers
can finish off a carcass of adult cattle, in a matter of about 20 minutes. The vultures
were keeping the environment clean in India in absence of any effective carcass
and slaughterhouse waste disposal system and hereby have prevented outbreak of epidemics
by cleaning the carcasses before they could rot and putrify. A population crash
of vulture could cause a dramatic increase in epidemics, as carcass and waste disposal
system has remained more or less unchanged.
The dramatic vulture declines observed
across India present a whole range of threats both ecologically and to human health.
The absence of such important scavengers will almost certainly influence the numbers
and distribution of other scavenging species for example as vultures have declined,
feral dog populations have been reported to have increased massively, with over
1000 observed recently at a carcass dump in Rajasthan. This could pose many associated
disease risk to humans and wildlife, such as rabies.
In October 2000, BNHS jointly applied
for a grant from the U.K. Government under the Darwin Initiative for the survival
of species to fund the urgent vulture investigations. BNHS was successful in its
bid and from 1 April 2001, the Darwin Initiative provided
"वृक्ष की सुरक्षा करें, खुले प्रगति के द्वार , मानव और समाज के,संग जगे सरकार ।"
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